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What Causes Premature Skin Ageing?

Whilst skin ageing is inevitable, certain lifestyle factors can contribute to the rate at which visible ageing occurs. Premature skin ageing can be defined as skin that appears older than the patient’s actual age. The most common visible signs include fine line and wrinkle formation, loss of radiance, discolouration, dryness and laxity. 

Aesthetic medicine and skincare advancements provide various treatment routes to help prevent ageing and rejuvenate complexions that appear older as a result of lifestyle factors. We explore the causes of premature skin ageing to help you protect and rejuvenate your complexion.

How Does Premature Skin Ageing Happen? 

Lifestyle choices play a key role in prematurely ageing our skin. Whilst there is no way to reverse ageing, by adopting certain routines and habits, you may be able to prevent premature skin ageing. But first, it’s crucial to become aware and understand what causes it.

As we get older, skin cell turnover and workout recovery are some of the body’s internal processes that begin to slow or take longer to complete. The slowing of these internal processes takes a visible toll on the skin, leading to signs of ageing such as fine lines, wrinkles and pigmentation. Although this marks the commencement, other factors play a vital role in how quickly these signs appear on the body. 


Potentially one of the most obvious causes of premature skin ageing is smoking. Although mostly classified as a health hazard for your heart and lungs, smoking also accelerates premature skin ageing. As cigarettes are developed with nicotine and other harmful chemicals, these ingredients can cause blood vessels to narrow which reduces oxygen flow and nutrients to skin cells. This contributes to premature skin ageing and results in the formation of wrinkles and fine lines. t’s also thought that smoking affects the production of collagen. As we get older, our bodies produce less collagen naturally, however, smoking can speed up this process, causing premature ageing. 

Sun Exposure/UV Light Exposure 

Sun exposure is also one of the main culprits of premature skin ageing, responsible for as much as 90% of visible changes to the skin. The harsh ultraviolet (UV) rays damage and kill cells in the outer layer of the skin – making the skin more susceptible to premature ageing. A suntan in itself is evidence of skin damage; the skin appears darker as it redistributes melanin in an effort to protect itself. 

Two main kinds of UV light lead to DNA changes within the skin including:  

  • UVA light: This form of UV light exposure damages skin at all levels—from the surface layer (epidermis) down deep into the dermis. Within those layers, several parts of the skin are affected, including collagen and elastin fibres, which are the proteins that give the skin its youthful-looking tautness and elasticity. 
  • UVB light: This type of UV light exposure affects the outer layer of the skin. UVB light damages DNA more potently than UVA light in the epidermis and can cause photoaging.

Read more about photoaging here.

Chronic Stress 

Chronic stress is another factor that encourages premature skin ageing. When a person feels stressed, a stress hormone named cortisol is released which breaks down the collagen found in the skin. Collagen is responsible for preventing skin sagging, resulting in a plump and youthful look. 

When a person feels high levels of stress, large amounts of cortisol cause premature skin ageing and accelerates the formation of wrinkles. Therefore, those exposed to chronic stress are more likely to age rapidly in comparison to those with low levels of stress. 

Alcohol Intake 

Like smoking, most people are aware of the negative effects of alcohol which can sometimes lead to an array of health concerns. However, surprisingly for some, alcohol can also be the catalyst for premature skin ageing. Considering that large amounts of alcohol can deplete the volume of vitamins within the body, this causes the skin’s collagen level to plunge – resulting in prematurely aged skin including a loss of facial elasticity. Moreover, as alcohol is a diuretic, it can dehydrate your body and cause your skin to become parched. 

An Imbalanced Diet 

An imbalanced diet is detrimental to your health for a multitude of reasons, and it may also lead to premature skin ageing. A poor diet can accelerate ageing; eating a surplus of sugar and processed carbohydrates can affect your skin’s collagen levels, which keeps your skin springy and wrinkles resistant. 

Moreover, an imbalanced diet can also affect your intake of vitamins and minerals. Vitamin and mineral deficiencies can wreak havoc on your skin in a number of ways; It can make your skin more sensitive to sunlight, personal care products, and other potential aggressors.

An Overview of Premature Skin Ageing 

If you find that your skin is displaying signs of premature skin ageing, avoiding the above factors is crucial for maintaining a youthful-looking visage. Also opting for preventative treatments such as anti-wrinkle injections, dermal fillers, and skin boosters like Seventy Hyal 2000 can aid in revitalising aged appearances. 

For more on treatments to tackle the appearance of ageing, see our blog ‘Addressing Ageing Concerns’ here

Alternatively, qualified practitioners can purchase Seventy Hyal 2000 products directly from the only official UK licence holders,Fox Pharma.

By Florence Goulbourne | 25th Aug, 2022 | , ,

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